Arduino RPM Counter / Tachometer

by Rezz on October 9, 2011

Arduino projects, make arduino rpm counter with arduino.

Parts List;
1) 1x 16×2 parallel LCD display (compatible with Hitachi HD44780 driver)
2) 1x Arduino
3) 1x 10kΩ potentiometer
4) 1x 10kΩ resistor
5) 1x IR LED
6) 1x IR Phototransistor
7) Jumper wire

Instruction;
1) Connect all jumper wire as shown in diagram.

2) Connect IR LED to digital pin 13.

3) Connect IR Phototransistor (dark) to digital pin 2. Make sure shorter lead connected to digital pin 2 and longer lead to Ground.

Upload this code to your arduino

/*
 * Optical Tachometer
 *
 * Uses an IR LED and IR phototransistor to implement an optical tachometer.
 * The IR LED is connected to pin 13 and ran continually.
 * Pin 2 (interrupt 0) is connected across the IR detector.
 *
 * Code based on: www.instructables.com/id/Arduino-Based-Optical-Tachometer/
 * Coded by: arduinoprojects101.com
 */

int ledPin = 13;                // IR LED connected to digital pin 13
volatile byte rpmcount;
unsigned int rpm;
unsigned long timeold;

// include the library code:
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>
// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins
LiquidCrystal lcd(7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12);

void rpm_fun()
 {
   //Each rotation, this interrupt function is run twice, so take that into consideration for 
   //calculating RPM
   //Update count
      rpmcount++;
 }

void setup()
 {
   lcd.begin(16, 2);  // intialise the LCD

   //Interrupt 0 is digital pin 2, so that is where the IR detector is connected
   //Triggers on FALLING (change from HIGH to LOW)
   attachInterrupt(0, rpm_fun, FALLING);

   //Turn on IR LED
   pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);
   digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);

   rpmcount = 0;
   rpm = 0;
   timeold = 0;
 }

 void loop()
 {
   //Update RPM every second
   delay(1000);
   //Don't process interrupts during calculations
   detachInterrupt(0);
   //Note that this would be 60*1000/(millis() - timeold)*rpmcount if the interrupt
   //happened once per revolution instead of twice. Other multiples could be used
   //for multi-bladed propellers or fans
   rpm = 30*1000/(millis() - timeold)*rpmcount;
   timeold = millis();
   rpmcount = 0;

   //Print out result to lcd
   lcd.clear();
   lcd.print("RPM=");
   lcd.print(rpm);

   //Restart the interrupt processing
   attachInterrupt(0, rpm_fun, FALLING);
  }

Note:
This code reading rpm with 2 propeller at the motor. This mean 2 cut of the infrared beam will count as 1 revolution. You can modify this line to suit your use;
rpm = 30*1000/(millis() – timeold)*rpmcount;

 

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